How Does the Air Conditioner Cool Down?

how does the air conditioner cool down

What is the refrigeration principle of the air conditioner? In fact, it uses an electric fan to drive airflow, allowing cold air to pass through the fan blades to generate convection.

How Air Conditioning Works

The working principle of the air conditioner is to convert the heat into mechanical energy through the refrigerant so that the air creates a draft. Refrigerants are composed of fluorine, chlorine, and carbon. Fluorine is a toxic gas that decomposes into carbon dioxide at high temperatures. When water molecules react with carbon dioxide to form carbonic acid, an evaporation effect occurs, whereby the surrounding water vapor is sublimated by the hydrogen fluoride compound. Fluorine is the most common component in refrigerants and is often used in industrial production. Chlorine is also used to make cryogenic liquid refrigerants used in refrigeration systems, such as ethyl acetate. Carbon is highly corrosive and is often used to cool metals and chemical products.

Types of Refrigerants and Their Functions

Refrigerant is the main component of air conditioners. It helps us regulate the indoor temperature so that it remains constant. Common refrigerants are ammonia, freon, and hydrofluoric esters. They all have the high cooling capacity and can effectively prevent the evaporation of moisture in the air. During use, pay attention to the operation of the compressor to avoid injury caused by leaking gas. In addition, the circuit should be checked regularly to ensure the normal operation of the line. If a failure occurs, it should be repaired in time.

When choosing to use refrigerant, you should choose the appropriate type and concentration according to your actual needs. For example, if there is no humidity sensor at home, you should consider using a safer product, and if your home environment is relatively dry, you should consider choosing a more energy-efficient product.

How to Use the Air Conditioner Correctly

The way to use the air conditioner correctly is very simple, just remember some basic principles, that is to determine the temperature and humidity in the room, then adjust the speed of the compressor according to the indoor air flow rate, and finally set up a suitable ventilation system That’s it. Here is a reminder, if you don’t know the room temperature or the humidity is too high, it is recommended not to use the air conditioner, so as not to cause physical discomfort or even illness. In addition, when using the air conditioner, you should also pay attention to adjusting the sleep time so as to adapt to the temperature difference between indoors and outdoors.

In addition, some people may ask why the air conditioner uses a fan to drive the airflow. In fact, this is because many people have the habit of blowing air, so just install the fan in the room.


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